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Advertising Audience Insights Branding

Round 3 Results Part 1

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Semifinals Overview


In the semifinals, matches are decided by Purchase Intent: how likely are panelists to buy the good or service after being exposed to the ad? In case of a tie, matches will be decided by the difference between intent pre– and post-exposure. Pre-exposure intent measures how a panelist feels about a brand before any exposure to a specific ad, while post-exposure intent (obviously) measures the intent after exposure. 

The Semifinal matchups are:

  • Funny and Sexy vs. Inspiring and Emotional, with Reese’s Spring Song and Infiniti’s “Hardwood Heroes: Unbustable” (Today, March 30)
  • Classy and simple music vs. music used as comedy, with Coca-Cola and Capital One (Friday, March 31)

Reese’s vs. Infiniti

The smart money had Reese’s taking this match, with Infiniti’s inspirational cancer survivors pushing it to the end, on the theory that the seductive sweets receive far more daily consideration than luxury automobiles.

Inifiniti’s Hardwood Heroes did perform well: they pushed Infiniti to a remarkable 18-point swing in Purchase Intent!

In spite of Infiniti’s improvement, it simply started with too big a deficit to overcome.  In fact, Reese’s jumped out to an early lead and never relinquished it, recording a 10-point win in Purchase Intent.

The Reese’s spot worked particularly well with Tournament Watchers, who gave Reese’s an intent score that was two points higher than the general population score.

Males and Females shared similar purchase intent for both brands. Purchase intent for Females was 1 point higher than Males for both brands.

Millennials on the other hand had a Purchase Intent score for Reese’s that was three points higher than the older demographic (36-55+). Perhaps they have a bigger sweet tooth? Or those smooth jams really enticed them! The same demographic split played out with Infiniti, with the younger demo scoring the ad eight points higher than the older group.

Final Score: Reese’s 84, Infiniti 74

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Advertising Audience Insights

Round 2 Results!

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Round of 8

The remaining 8 NCAA corporate sponsors competed in the Round of Eight to see whose ads evoke Emotions most strongly. Scoring in this round is an average of the emotions Excited and Happy, and does not include the Feeling scores from the Round of Sixteen. Whichever brand achieves this higher overall emotions score will move on to the Final Four. Competing in the second round, we have two snack giants Reese’s versus Nabisco; auto company Infiniti versus auto insurer Allstate; Capital One versus Wendy’s; and Coca-Cola versus Pizza Hut.

Reese’s vs. Nabisco


In the Emotions round, the two snack food giants battled it out: Reese’s “Easter Peanut Butter Egg ‘Spring Song’” and Nabisco’s Ritz “Crisp & Thins Explosive“. The sweet and smooth peanut butter-chocolate treats had a Happy score that was four points higher than its crispy and salty competitor. Both ads shared the same level of Excitement, but Reese’s score for Happy broke the tie.

Millennials in particular loved Reese’s smooth ad. The Happy and Excited scores were much higher than the older demographic (36-55+): eight points higher for Excited and four points higher for Happy

Females had a similar response to the spots, albeit not quite as strong.  They liked the Reese’s ad more than males did, four points higher for Excited, two points higher for Happy. But females also responded better to the Ritz’s spot than men, giving it an Excited score four points higher than the male score.

Of course, Tournament Watchers had a different reaction: for this group, the companies tie on Happy…but Ritz’s took a four point lead for Excited.   

Once again, the ad powered by Marvin Gaye triumphs!

Final Score: Reese’s 84, Nabisco 83

Infiniti vs. Allstate


Infiniti entered the round as an underdog to Allstate: the pros feared that the darker vibe of the Infiniti’s “Hardwood Heroes: Unbustable” ad might negatively impact its score for Happy, while Allstate had Dean Winters’ portrayal of Mayhem as a Bracket Buster to lighten it up.

Infiniti started strong with a two point lead for both Excited and Happy.  These results were reinforced with Females, where Infiniti’s ad scored two points higher for Excited, and Allstate’s ad scored two points lower for Happy, which showed that Infiniti’s ad was a clear winner across this demographic.

In the end, Infiniti pulled out a two point win over Allstate.  Infiniti’s cancer survivors playing basketball did not impact its Excited and Happy score in a negative way.  Meanwhile, the humor of the Allstate ad did not make it perform any better in these areas.

Final Score: Infiniti 79, Allstate 77

Capital One vs. Wendy’s


Capital One and Wendy’s competed in round 2 in a faceoff of lighthearted ads. Wendy’s brought facepainting fans and fresh beef to the matchup, while Capital One’s “Ringtone” spot brought Samuel L. Jackson, Charles Barkley, Spike Lee…and Gloria Gaynor!?!?!??

Wendy’s basketball-themed ad had appeal for Millennials, who ranked the ad four points higher on both Emotions than the general population.  But in a preview of the overall match, Capital One’s ad scored even better across this demographic: six points higher on both emotions.

The outcome of the match was really sealed by the Female demographic, who scored the Wendy’s ad four points lower for Excited and six points lower for Happy, versus the general population.  As with the millennials, the female demo ranked Capital One’s music driven ad six points higher on both emotions.

Tournament watchers scored the Capital One two points higher for both Happy and Excited.  So it’s no surprise that overall, Capital One’s music-driven ad scored two points higher on both Happy and Excited, helping them beat Wendy’s by two points overall.

Final Score: Capital One 81, Wendy’s 79

Coca-Cola vs. Pizza Hut


The final match of the second round featured a tight match between Coca-Cola and Pizza Hut.  Coke brought a waltz to the Big Dance, while Pizza Hut brought Grant Hill, amazing sneakers, and a hip-hop soundtrack.

Pizza Hut jumped out to an early lead on the strength of their showing with Millennials, who gave the ad Happy and Excited scores four points higher than Coca-Cola’s.

In a foreshadowing of the rest of the match, however, Pizza Hut’s punny “Pie Tops” ad simply didn’t resonate with the general population. It had a Happy score that was two points lower than the simpler and more romantic Coca-Cola ad.

With the general population, both ads shared the same Excited score.  Coca-Cola’s overall lead was driven by the older demographic (36-55+) who gave the Coca-Cola spot a very high score (80) for Happy.  This higher Happy score gave Coca-Cola the win. Coca-Cola only beat Pizza Hut by a point.

On a side note, both ads did not appeal as much to the Female demographic, where the Happy and Excited scores were two-four points lower than the general population..

Final Score: Coca-Cola 78, Pizza Hut 77

Join us Thursday at 2pm ET for the first Semifinal matchup!

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Advertising Audience Insights

Round 1 Results!

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Round 1 Results

 

Reese’s vs. LG


The initial matchup in the round of 16 features two humorous ads: Reese’s “Easter Peanut Butter Egg” and LG’s “Game On with ‘Mascots Knock‘”. Reese’s seductive ad features Marvin Gaye’s “Let’s Get it On” playing in the background, and uses the music to create an early six point lead in the attributes of Likable and Inspiring.  LG’s funny looking mascots act out the commercial to a catchy guitar and drum riff, but can’t catch up to Reeses.

At the game’s end, Reese’s chocolate bunny beats LG’s mascots by two points. Even so, LG’s “Mascots” performed very well, especially considering that it didn’t have the help of an iconic song in this spot.

Final score: Reese’s 83, LG 81
 

Nabisco vs. Unilever/Dove


The next match up is a battle of the CPG giants Nabisco and Unilever. Nabisco’s Ritz Crisp & Thins “Explosive” went up against Unilever’s Dove Men+Care “Real Winners Care“. Ritz’s ten point lead for its Playful score boosted its overall Feelings score and ultimately pushed Nabisco into the next round. It truly was an “explosive” performance! Nabisco took a three point lead in this “Feelings” round and won the match.

Final score: Nabisco 81, Unilever 78
 

Infiniti vs. Buick


The two automotive corporate sponsors Infiniti and Buick battled it out in the “Feelings” round. Infiniti’s “Hardwood Heroes” ad depicts fierce athletes training for a basketball game, to a thumping hard rock track… who all happen to be cancer survivors. Meanwhile, Buick’s “Philly and Boston” features 3 coworkers taking a lighthearted road trip in their Buick. 

Infiniti’s emotional spot took a massive twelve point lead in both Energetic and — unsurprisingly — Inspiring.  The more playful Buick ad did not have as strong an impact on its viewers, and fell by six points overall.  This is in spite of Buick featuring the song “It’s Alright” by indie rockers Matt and Kim.

Final score: Infiniti 79, Buick 73
 

Allstate vs. Northwestern Mutual


In this battle of the insurance companies, Allstate’s “March Mayhem: Bracket” and Northwestern Mutual’s “Knowing” fought for their spot in round 2. Allstate’s ad was perceived as notably more Energetic, by 14 points.  Allstate also won on the attribute Unique.  Perhaps most importantly Allstate opened up a 17 point gap on Northwestern Mutual in the attribute of Playful, the single largest gap in scores in the first round! This is likely due to Allstate’s use of humor and the Dean Winters “Mayhem” character in the spot. 

In the end, Allstate slaughtered Northwestern mutual with an eight point lead overall. 

Final score: Allstate 72, Northwestern Mutual 64
 

Capital One vs. Enterprise


Capital One and Enterprise tried to earn their place in round 2 in a matchup subtitled “Battle of the Spokespeople.” Capital One’s “This is March Madness – Ringtone” and Enterprise’s “If Only” ads both starred well-known actors. Capital One’s spot featured longtime spokesman Samuel L. Jackson, accompanied by Charles Barkley and Spike Lee. Enterprise featured actress Kristen Bell. 

Both spots take a humorous approach.  Despite this similarity, Capital One took a strong six point lead for Energetic and Playful.  The difference?  Samuel L. Jackson’s cover of “I Will Survive”…accompanied by songstress Gloria Gaynor! 

As a result, Capital One’s upbeat, musically-driven ad beat out the less musical Enterprise ad by four points.  

Final score: Capital One 79, Enterprise 75
 

Marriott Rewards vs. Wendy’s


It was a tough, brutal  competition between hospitality giant Marriott and fast food restaurant Wendy’s.  The competitors were tied in a number of Attributes, like Optimistic and Unique.  In others, both players held a small lead: Marriott led by 2 points in Inspired, for instance, while Wendy’s led by 2 points in Playful.  Wendy’s score for Energetic was four points higher than Marriott’s, which helped them take a small lead.  

In the end, Wendy’s “Going the Extra Mile with the NCAA” edged out Marriott’s “Through the Madness” by a single point. 

Final score: Wendy’s 77, Marriott Rewards 76
 

AT&T vs. Coca-Cola


The top of the second bracket featured 2 major advertisers using music front-and-center in their spots: AT&T’s “Parking Booth” and Coca-Cola’s “Cinderella”. The AT&T spot featured an  adaptation of Aerosmith’s “I Don’t Want to Miss a Thing,” sung by comedian Dan Finnerty. The Coca-Cola ad has a more romantic song, the waltz-style “Fully Fashioned” by George French, front-and-center in the spot, which visually focuses on the image of a Coke bottle. 

Both spots were tied for Unique, but in all the other dimensions, AT&T’s spot misses the mark.  

The AT&T ad is intended to be humorous, but Coke’s spot is still perceived as more Playful.  Ultimately, Coca-Cola was able to open up an eight-point gap for Likable and Inspiring, from which AT&T was never able to recover.  

Coke takes the first round by four points, and the schmaltzy waltz wins the first dance.

Final Score: Coca-Cola 78, AT&T 74
 

Pizza Hut vs. Buffalo Wild Wings


The final matchup of round 1 featured fast food phenoms Pizza Hut and Buffalo Wild Wings both featured “punny” ads. Pizza Hut’s “$7.99 2-Topping Pizza featuring Grant Hill and PIE TOPS” (their emphasis, not ours!) faced off against Buffalo Wild Wings “Foodoo”.  Buffalo Wild Wings kept the match tied with Unique (both scored a 76), and kept it close with Playful (a 76 to Pizza Hut’s 78).  But Pizza Hut started to open a bigger gap with Likable (a 76 to Buffalo Wild Wings’ 74), and then cracked it open with an 8-point spread on Optimistic.   

In the end, the Pie Tops stomped on the Foodoo Doll (watch the spots to see what they mean).  Pizza Hut defeated Buffalo Wild Wings by four points overall.

Final Score: Pizza Hut 77, Buffalo Wild Wings 73
 

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Advertising Audience Insights

Round of 16 Preview

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Round of 16 Preview

 
16 powerful and creative ads from top NCAA sponsors like Coca-Cola and AT&T will face off to see whose ads evoke the most intense Feelings. This group of brands bring a diverse set of approaches to their advertising. The styles range from the intentionally comical, like Buffalo Wild Wing’s “Foodoo”, to Infiniti’s intense and serious “Hardwood Heroes,” to the matter-of-fact ads like Buick’s “Lacrosse ‘Philly and Boston’”, to the completely music-centered Reese’s “Easter Peanut Butter Egg”.March Adness: Round of 16 Preview

Stay tuned for highlights like:

  • The battle of CPG giants Nabisco and Unilever: find out whose ad is more playful!
  • Will the simple and romantic “Cinderella” ad from Coca-Cola defeat the comical “Parking Booth” AT&T ad?
  • Insurance giants Allstate and Northwestern Mutual match up: will Allstate’s Mayhem be more Energetic than Northwestern Mutual’s Thinking?
  • The Auto Crash: will Buick’s “Philly and Boston” spot be more Likable than Infiniti’s Hardwood Heroes?
  • And many more!

Scores in this round are an average of the feelings Energetic, Inspiring, Likable, Optimistic, Playful, and Unique. Whichever brand achieves the higher overall feelings score will move on to the Round of 8.

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Advertising Audience Insights

Announcing March AdNess — Press Release

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The Thrill of Victory, the Ad-gony of Defeat: Audio Analytics Platform Veritonic Pits NCAA Tournament Sponsors’ Ads in March AdNess Showdown

 
New York, NY — March 27, 2017 — Everyone’s talking about how teams in the NCAA match up. But what if the tournament’s sponsors competed, putting their ads in play?

Veritonic, the premier marketing analytics platform for sound, wanted to find out, so they launched March AdNess, in which ads’ sound and music go neck and neck, and only the sonically strongest survive. Full of upsets, underdog victors, and other surprises, this tournament promises to be as exciting as college basketball’s big event!

Sound is one of the most compelling elements in advertising, yet was neglected by analytics platforms until Veritonic jumped into the game. “There are tools for measuring almost every other aspect of content’s effectiveness, except sound,” explains Scott Simonelli, founder and CEO of Veritonic. “We’re providing the final piece of the puzzle. We help brands benchmark and test the emotional and demographic appeal of music, audio logos, voiceovers, and other audio assets used for marketing.” Veritonic combines proprietary marketing-response data with predictive algorithms and a unique demographic search engine, giving users insight into how their audio content fits with specific marketing goals.

The March AdNess tournament will also give insights into which of the 16 top NCAA tournament sponsors have scored a slam dunk with their ads’ soundtracks. Here’s how Veritonic did it: They assembled a panel of US Census-representative viewers from the general population, who interacted with the ad challengers via Veritonic’s patent-pending technology, which allows them to record their Emotions (more basic, visceral responses) and Feelings (more nuanced impressions, such as Energetic or Optimistic) as the ad plays. Panelists were also asked to report associations the ad evoked, including purchase intent and viewership of the actual NCAA tournament.  

The matches in each round will be scored using specific metrics collected by Veritonic’s platform. Scoring in the Round of Sixteen is based on the Feelings each ad evokes: how Energetic, Inspiring, Likable, Optimistic, Playful, and Unique each spot is. The Round of Eight will be scored on how well the ads evoke Happiness and Excitement. The Semifinals will be scored based on the impact each spot has on Purchase Intent, and the Finals will be scored using Veritonic’s proprietary algorithms to produce an Overall score.

Scores for all “competitors” and matches will be available at blog.veritonic.com/marchadness, chronicling each tournament milestone:

  • Round of 16: Monday 3/27
  • Round of Eight: Tuesday 3/28
  • Semifinals: match 1 Thursday 3/30, match 2 Friday 3/31
  • National Championship:  Monday 4/3

“The first round of matches makes clear the importance of music in establishing the mood of the spot and helping a marketer to achieve their goals,” explains Simonelli. “The spots that best evoke Feelings use music in a way that’s central to the spot, like Reese’s skipping a voiceover entirely and using ‘Let’s Get it On’ by Marvin Gaye, or Ritz Crackers and LG relying on heavily on music and saving the voiceover to the end of their spots. The lowest performers in the first round, by contrast, either don’t emphasize music, like Northwestern Mutual, or rely entirely on voiceover, like Allstate.”

“We were really surprised by some of the results,” Simonelli continues. “There were some upsets we didn’t predict, some come-from-behind victories. It really shows that just going with your gut isn’t enough when it comes to evaluating what works for sound in advertising and marketing. You need the data, and that’s what we’ve figured out how to gather and analyze.”

 

About Veritonic:

Veritonic is the premier marketing analytics platform for sound.  We help brands like Subway, Coca Cola,  Edmunds.com and CBS Television make data-driven selections about the audio elements of marketing campaigns.  Our software tests and benchmarks the emotional and demographic appeal of audio assets like music, voiceover, audio branding, and more.

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Advertising Audience Insights

Market Research Lessons From the 2016 Election

Market research lessons from election 2016
 
It’s now been just over a couple of weeks since the 2016 presidential election was concluded, and virtually all of the forecasts were wrong. Polls predicted a small but persistent lead for Hillary Clinton. Even respected forecasters like FiveThirtyEight were predicting as late as the morning of the election that HRC would win. And while she did succeed in winning the popular vote, Donald Trump ultimately won the election by amassing well over the required 270 electoral votes.

How did the forecasters get it so wrong? And given the close relationship between the techniques that both polling companies and market researchers use, what lessons can market researchers take away from the election?
 

The Root of all Evil: Sampling Error

 
The wrong predictions are rooted in many causes, but from a market research perspective, they all boil down to sampling error. What is sampling error? Instead of trying to collect opinions or feedback from everyone, which is obviously not feasible, researchers collect feedback from a smaller subset, or sample, of the population, and extrapolate conclusions from that data. When the sample doesn’t accurately reflect the larger population, researchers are far more likely to draw the wrong conclusions.

sampling error led to missed forecasts in election coverage How did sampling error play into the missed forecasts about the election? One of the most controversial hypotheses before the election was that many Trump supporters, embarrassed by his positions and rhetoric, declined to identify themselves as supporters to polling organizations that contacted them, the so-called “Shy Trump” effect. While specifics on the voting data is still coming in, and will be analyzed for decades to come, early data indicates that this fear is correct. Many Trump supporters, especially women, have since told exit polling organizations, that they were reluctant to share their support for Trump.
 

The Very Model of a Modern Major General (Election)

 
A closely related issue is the model of the voting electorate that the forecasters used. Simply assessing the sentiment of a sample of the general population is not sufficient. Forecasting the outcome of a vote means making assumptions about who will actually make it to the voting booth to cast a vote, and then make sure their sample reflects this makeup. Pollsters, like market researchers, slice the population into actionable segments they can contact, like “soccer moms” or “auto intenders.” With a groundswell of support from certain groups of voters that were generally underrepresented in most polling models— for instance, market research lessons from Veritonic white males in the midwest states with less than a college degree, but also certain sectors of the Hispanic electorate — it’s not a shock that the models got the outcome wrong.

The sampling error is further compounded by researchers’ ability to contact individuals, period. The traditional technique for polling was to randomly telephone individuals and have a person ask questions. In a time when virtually the entire population had landlines, and could reliably be counted on to answer them, this was a great technique. But a broad variety of technologies have made the simple contacting of panelists much more difficult. Landlines have been in decline, in favor of cell phones, which marketers are actually legally prohibited from calling by an automatic dialing system. Even the ability to screen calls makes it that much easier for potential panelists to avoid being contacted.
 

Not All Bad

 
Market research is impacted by all of these factors. And yet, there is cause for optimism. Companies specializing in finding panelists from a broad variety of backgrounds have sprung up over the last few years, facilitated by the internet. Even though the panelists from these companies are generally compensated, which introduces its own set of biases, they’ve “raised their hand” and are available to ask questions. This virtually eliminates the “Shy” phenomenon.

Similarly, the fact that these panelists have raised their hands greatly reduces the “contactability” issue. There may be timing to consider — it will always be difficult to get a large number of responses in an hour, for instance — but generally panel providers have contact details, and permission, from their panel members.

Veritonic.com market research insights Technology makes modeling the desired population easier too. Marketers generally develop highly detailed models of their desired audience. Many panels available for commercial use have deep background data on individual panel members, collected when they sign up or over time, making the construction of a representative panel matching a marketer’s needs much easier.

Market researchers can also use data to refine their survey taking experience. For instance, at Veritonic we monitor the feedback and completion rates on our surveys closely. Our surveys largely consist of listening and responding to music and similar audio, and panelists taking our surveys tell us it’s a much more enjoyable experience than other market research experiences they’ve participated in, and we constantly think about how to make it an even better experience.

The results of the 2016 election should give everyone reason to pause and reflect. But market researchers should not be overly concerned that the missed forecasts require tossing out all of the survey techniques that have been honed over the past hundred years.
 

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Advertising Audience Insights

3 Things We’ve Learned Testing Music for Pharma

type-away4

Over the past 24 months, we’ve tested thousands of pieces of music, for hundreds of TV spots. These include many spots for the pharmaceutical industry, including both “over the counter” and prescription medications. We’d like to share some of what we’ve learned.
 

Mood Matters

 
First, Mood Matters. Most pharma spots follow a similar script, familiar to the advertising industry, beginning with the introduction of a problem: a condition or ailment that needs treatment. The solution is then introduced, typically either a product or medication being marketed by the pharmaceutical company, which leads to a resolution.  
 
Mood in Pharmaceutical AdsThe United States introduces an additional wrinkle for pharmaceutical ads. These types of ads are generally regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which requires that these types of ads generally “present the benefits and risks of a prescription drug in a balanced fashion.” TV and online video ads generally do this by presenting the risks of the drug in a short section the FDA calls the “major statement.”
 
These statements of risk present a real challenge for marketers. How do you talk about a risk that your product poses to your audience, while generating and maintaining enthusiasm for the product? One answer lies in carefully calibrating the emotions that the spot evokes — and music is a crucial lever for performing that calibration. A marketer we worked with recently wanted the start of the ad to be happy and calming; for the music to be slightly nervous during the major statement; and the spot to end with happy, upbeat music.  The Veritonic platform measured the occurrence and intensity of the emotions and feelings the music evoked in the marketer’s target audience.  Evaluating the music with this approach allowed them to optimize the emotions and associations that the audience felt during the spot.  
 

Timing is Key

 
Veritonic Pharmaceutical Advertisement TestingSecond, Timing Is Key. That same spot had very precise spots where the emotions had to change.The first 10 seconds of the ad needed to be happy and calming; the second 10 seconds to be slightly nervous, coinciding with the presentation by the voiceover of the risks of the drug; and for the final 10 seconds to have a happy, upbeat resolution.  Using data about the emotional profile of the tracks, the agency and the composer were able to refine the music to precisely shape the tracks to evoke the emotions in exactly the manner and scope that the marketer wanted.
 

Regulated Industries Must Pay Extra Attention

 
Third, regulated industries like the pharmaceutical industry may need to pay extra attention to emotion and other attributes that their ads and music may evoke. For instance, Veritonic was asked to evaluate the music for a TV ad marketing an over-the-counter sleep aid. Unsurprisingly, the music in the spot built off a lullaby-style theme. But playing too heavily off the lullaby theme risked making it seem as if the product was targeted to children. That’s a real problem for pharmaceutical marketers: it misses the mark, audience-wise.  
 
Timing in Pharmaceutical Ad TestingPerhaps more importantly, it risks making the spot appeal to a demographic, in this case, children, that the drug was not approved for. Since the product is available without a prescription, the ads don’t have the same burden of presenting the risks. However, the marketers are still forbidden from pitching the product to an audience — children! — that it’s not tested and approved for.
 
Happily, using testing data the marketer was able to identify two tracks that jumped out as being for adults, while sticking with the lullaby and sleep theme that their marketing strategy required. But this happy resolution merely underscores the importance of the emotion and other attribute data when selecting music for advertising pharmaceuticals.
 

Do you have other insights or questions from selecting music for pharmaceutical ads?  Please share them in the comments below!

 

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Advertising

What is Metadata for Music in Advertising?

music-largeThere is a new challenge in today’s digital world: we are drowning in the ever-increasing river of content. How do you manage all of the content that is out there? How can you find precisely what you are looking for when there is so much information? Metadata is one approach to this challenge. In the advertising world, it is a key component in the music selection process.
 

What is metadata?

 
Metadata is data that gives information about other data. Think of it as a high-level summary of  the information found inside any file type. One example is a card in a library card catalog. For a book, this data would consist of the author, title, date published, Library of Congress Decimal Classification code, etc. Similarly, metadata can also be used to describe other types of content, like documents, images, videos, spreadsheets, music, web pages, and much more.

metadata
Sample card for a library card catalog
Via: whatis.techtarget.com

 

Why do we need metadata?

 
We need metadata because having more robust data attached to a file makes it easier to identify, locate, manage, and discover. For instance, you can search a particular artist in a digital library and pull up all files that have that artist’s name in the metadata. This is particularly useful when an artist is not listed as the main artist on a track, but rather, as a “featured artist” or perhaps even as a composer. So if you’re trying to find that hot new Rihanna track, but it’s actually a Calvin Harris song that she’s featured on, you will still find the track when you type in her name.
 
Being able to filter using metadata also allows for easy isolation and organization of songs that share characteristics. So if you’re searching for a particular type of track, filtering your library using metadata will bring you a shorter list of tracks. For example, you can filter by the genre “Rock” and the year “1975” and your library will only show you tracks that share that same genre and year.
 
Metadata has become even more important in an increasingly digital world. Now we are not just dealing with libraries in the physical sense, but rather, a world of digital content, which means that there is even more information out there than ever, and all of it needs to be sifted through and managed. Not only has the sheer amount of content increased, but also the way this content is digested is changing. Unlike books and webpages, some of these files resist easy searching. You can’t “flip through” a digital file. It is, therefore, crucial to have metadata as a means of finding this information quickly.
 
Via: http://www.m-files.com/blog/what-is-metadata-and-why-is-it-important/
 

How do you create metadata?

 
Metadata can be created both manually or using automated information processing. When you input metadata manually, you decide what information you think is relevant or needed for finding or identifying the file. An automated system, on the other hand, may only be able to create more objective information such as file size, file extension, etc.
 
Via: http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/metadata
 

How is metadata used for music in advertising?

 
Metadata gives brands, agencies, publishers and music supervisors a method for searching and organizing their libraries. This can help them go from billions of songs to just a few in a short amount of time, and it helps composers get their music licensed.
 
Using metadata, these tracks can be indexed according to genre, instruments, moods, etc., using “tags” or keywords, which in turn makes them more searchable. In an iTunes library, for example, you can right click a song and select “get info” and it will show you that track’s metadata. Most of the basic information about a song is already there if you download it from iTunes. In this section, you can also add your own metadata in the comments field. If you’ve added emotions in the comments field like “happy”, your library will pull up all the tracks that contain this word in their metadata.
 

ID3 tag metadata in iTunes
Example of ID3 tag metadata in iTunes

 
Music for advertising is often stored in the MP3 format, which have a specific area of the file for descriptive metadata called the ID3 tag. The ID3 container includes fields for storing the artist, song title, year, genre, album, composer, bpm and other descriptive data, very much like the card in a library card catalog. The main issue with ID3 tag is its inflexible format. There are a set number of labelled fields users can fill out, and beyond these standard fields there is only room for a custom type of information in the “comments” field. This means that you cannot isolate “happy” the emotion from the “Happy” that’s in a song’s title. The other issue is that someone still has to manually enter in anything that’s beyond the standard fields.
 
Via: http://id3.org/
 
While it is true that metadata is important for music supervisors and creative directors who are searching for music to put in their ads, it is equally important for artists who want their music discovered and licensed properly. As an artist, you must have the correct metadata (copyright information, etc.) in the publisher’s database in order for royalties to be paid to you and to the publishers, and to show that the rights are cleared. Music supervisors and creative directors won’t even consider a piece of music unless the rights are pre-cleared, and the metadata is a quick way of showing that they are.
 
It is also important as an artist to include your contact information in your metadata. This allows music supervisors and others to identify where a song came from, and to contact the artist. Having easy access to the artist’s contact information is especially important if they decide to only use specific components of the track. For example, they might only want the vocal track for an ad or they might not want any vocals at all.
 
Via: http://www.hypebot.com/hypebot/2014/02/a-musicians-guide-to-editing-mp3-music-metadata.html & http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/10_things_you_need_to_know_about_placing_music_on_tv_and_in_films
 

What is the value of metadata for music selection in advertising?

 
While metadata is a necessary tool for managing and discovering songs in a vast catalog, and for licensing music, it is not sufficient when selecting music for advertising. Easy management of music is crucial to the selection process, but it will not tell you as a marketeer what song is the best fit for your ad. It also does not give a fully objective characterization of songs. Descriptions that go beyond the standard ID3 tags are manually inputted, which makes them fairly subjective. What one person thinks is “happy” another might think is “sad”. As a result, you cannot rely on metadata to give you accurate information about the song.
 
What’s your experience with metadata?  Useful, or a minefield riddled with mistakes?  Easy to maintain, or the bane of your existence?  Let us know in the comments!
 

Categories
Advertising

Future Sounds: Music’s Evolving Role In Advertising (MediaPost)

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“Of all the art forms, few have the power to stir strong emotions as music. And few have had such an easy and fruitful relationship with advertising.”

 
Our friend Josh Engroff at KBS and The Media Kitchen wrote a great post about the relationship between music and advertising, and how it may evolve.
 
Read the rest at MediaPost.
 
Let us know in the comments your thoughts about the future of music in advertising!